Calamansi lime (or limau kasturi in Malay) is an S E Asian small sour citrus fruit, bigger than kamquat and much smaller than green lime, used in the same way like green lime. The flavour of fresh calamansi I would say a cross between kamquat and green lime. Recently I have found frozen whole calamansi at my local Chinese supermarket was tempted to get some but not sure if they are any good frozen.
I used toyomansi as a dipping sauce on its own or mixed with chopped chilli and some sugar for a spicy sweet and sour sauce, quite tasty with fried food. I have also used toyomansi as a marinade for grilled meat like chicken drumsticks and pork chops. Another use I like is to add chopped ginger to toyomansi and use it as a dipping sauce for Chinese dumpling jiaozi. Everything I have tried so far I loved it.
Bistek is a Filipino word I guess derived from ‘beef steak’. Bistek is normally related to a recipe of fried beef with onion. The beef is flavoured with soy sauce and calamansi lime juice. If you cannot find calamansi you can use normal green lime. Having bought this toyomansi I used it for this recipe which works quite well. This tart flavoured beef and onion is quite tasty with rice. Very simple to make.
Bistek Recipe (for 2)
450 – 500g rump or sirloin steak (or any tender cut of beef suitable for quick frying)
1 large Spanish or mild onion
1 fat clove chopped garlic
3 – 4 tbsp toyomansi sauce (if not use 2 – 3 tbsp real calamansi juice/ green lime juice + 2 tbsp light soy)
2 – 3 tsp dark soy
freshly ground black pepper (much as you like), I add quite a lot
pinch of sugar (optional)
some slackened cornflour (cornstarch) if required
- Cut beef into thick strips or chunky slices
- Marinate beef with sauces and black pepper for about 30 minutes to 1 hour.
- Peel and cut onion into thick slices
- Before cooking, drain off all the beef marinade into another bowl for later use. If frying the beef with the marinade you will end up stewing the meat than searing it.
- Fry the onion with some oil till translucent and lightly caramelised. Remove
- Heat a clean wok/pan with some oil till smoking. Add beef and garlic, spread the meat around the pan/wok. Do not stir leave it to sear till bottom is browned. Cook to medium rare or well done to your choice. The heat must be on fullest to ensure the meat is searing then stewing. If a lot of juice is coming out of the meat while searing, stir in some slackened cornflour this will help the meat the sear than bleeding with juice.
- Add the cooked onion and some or all of the marinade. Stir briefly, have a taste to check if you need some sugar to balance the flavour and more ground pepper. If the sauce is watery can add some slackened cornflour to thicken.
- Serve hot with rice.